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Report No.
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Combined high-resolution neutron and X-ray analysis of inhibited elastase confirms the active-site oxyanion hole but rules against a low-barrier hydrogen bond

Tamada, Taro; Kinoshita, Takayoshi*; Kurihara, Kazuo; Adachi, Motoyasu; Ohara, Takashi   ; Imai, Keisuke*; Kuroki, Ryota; Tada, Toshiji*

To help resolve long-standing questions regarding the catalytic activity of the serine proteases the structure of porcine pancreatic elastase has been analyzed by high-resolution neutron and X-ray crystallography. In order to mimic the tetrahedral transition intermediate a peptidic inhibitor was used. A single large crystal was used to collect room-temperature neutron data to 1.65 ${AA}$ resolution and X-ray data to 1.20 ${AA}$ resolution. Another crystal provided a low-temperature X-ray data set to 0.94 ${AA}$ resolution. The neutron data are to higher resolution than previously reported for a serine protease and the X-ray data are comparable with other studies. The neutron and X-ray data show that the hydrogen bond between His57 and Asp102 (chymotrypsin numbering) is 2.60 ${AA}$ in length and that the hydrogen-bonding hydrogen is 0.80-0.96 ${AA}$ from the histidine nitrogen. This is not consistent with a low-barrier hydrogen which is predicted to have the hydrogen midway between the donor and acceptor atom. The observed interaction between His57 and Asp102 is essentially a short but conventional hydrogen bond, sometimes described as a short ionic hydrogen bond. The neutron analysis also shows that the oxygen of the oxopropyl group of the inhibitor is present as an oxygen anion rather than a hydroxyl group, supporting the role of the "oxyanion hole" in stabilizing the tetrahedral intermediate in catalysis.

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Category:Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

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