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Electrochemistry of the heaviest elements at JAEA

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tsukada, Kazuaki  ; Asai, Masato  ; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro  ; Ishii, Yasuo; Sato, Tetsuya   ; Li, Z.; Sato, Nozomi; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro ; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Shinohara, Atsushi*; Sato, Wataru*; Akiyama, Kazuhiko*

Oxidation of element 102, nobelium (No), using a developed electrolytic chromatography apparatus on an atom-at-a-time scale will be presented. It was found that the most stable ion, No$$^{2+}$$, is oxidized to No$$^{3+}$$ in $$alpha$$-hydroxyisobutyric acid ($$alpha$$-HIB) solution using the apparatus and that the oxidized No complex with $$alpha$$-HIB holds the trivalent state in the column above an applied potential of 1.0 V. Electrochemical reduction of element 101, mendevelium (Md) in HCl will be also presented.



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