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Temperature dependence of the electronic structure of Sr$$_{14}$$Cu$$_{24}$$O$$_{41}$$ studied by resonant inelastic X-ray scattering

Yoshida, Masahiro; Ishii, Kenji; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Jarrige, I.; Murakami, Yoichi*; Mizuki, Junichiro; Tsutsui, Kenji; Toyama, Takami*; Maekawa, Sadamichi*; Kudo, Kazutaka*; Koike, Yoji*; Endo, Yasuo*

Sr$$_{14-x}$$Ca$$_x$$Cu$$_{24}$$O$$_{41}$$ (SCCO), which is composed of two-leg ladders and edge-sharing chains, is the first superconducting cuprate without CuO$$_2$$ planes. By substituting Ca for Sr, holes are transferred from the chains to the ladders. It was recently shown that charge ordering (CO) along the leg direction in the ladder occurs at $$x=0$$ and the periodicity is five times the unit length along the c axis. In order to investigate the electronic excitations associated with the CO, we carried out resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) experiments for SCCO ($$x=0,6$$). Cu-$$K$$ RIXS can directly probe the momentum-dependent electronic excitations related to the Cu site, which are resonantly enhanced by tuning the incident photon energy to the Cu $$K$$-edge. We measured the q dependence of the intraband excitations, which is associated with the dynamics of doped holes in the Zhang-Rice singlet band. The intensity is enhanced at the momentum $${bf q}=(q_{rm rung},q_{rm leg})=(0,2pi/5)$$ corresponding to the periodicity of the CO in $$x=0$$, while the temperature dependence of the enhancement is different for $$x=0$$ and $$x=6$$. We discuss the relationship between our experimental results and the occurrence of the CO.

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Category:Physics, Applied

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