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Report No.
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Analyses of high power negative ion accelerators for ITER neutral beam injector

Kashiwagi, Mieko; Taniguchi, Masaki; Dairaku, Masayuki; Grisham, L.*; Hanada, Masaya; Mizuno, Takatoshi; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Umeda, Naotaka; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Sakamoto, Keishi; Inoue, Takashi

In JAEA, a multi aperture and multi grid accelerator has been tested for ITER NBI. In recent experiments, it was shown that the acceleration gaps (1st/2nd/3rd/4th/5th gap) have to be expanded from 104/94/87/78/72 in the original to all 100 mm to sustain 200 kV in each stage stably, and 1 MV in total. On the contrary, increases of beam divergence, stripping loss of negative ions and beamlet deflections due to space charge repulsion among beamlets could appear as issues due to the longer gaps. Beam divergence and stripping loss of ions have been examined in a 2D beam optics study utilizing BEAMORBT code and 3D gas flow code, respectively. Beamlet deflections have been examined in a 3D multi beamlet analysis utilizing OPERA-3d code. As results of these simulations, it was clarified that the gap length could be expanded up to 120 mm. This results were applied to design of the accelerator with the long gap of 120 mm.

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