検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年

Decolorization of secondary treated water from livestock urine waste

家畜尿汚水二次処理水からの脱色化

瀧上 眞知子*; 長澤 尚胤; 廣木 章博; 笠井 昇; 吉井 文男; 玉田 正男; 瀧上 昭治*; 柴田 卓弥*; 明田川 康*; 尾崎 益雄*

Takigami, Machiko*; Nagasawa, Naotsugu; Hiroki, Akihiro; Kasai, Noboru; Yoshii, Fumio; Tamada, Masao; Takigami, Shoji*; Shibata, Takuya*; Aketagawa, Yasushi*; Ozaki, Masuo*

家畜尿汚水の二次処理水に含有する腐植様着色物質が含有する排水の処理方法及び処理システムを開発した。本技術は、ビニロン繊維にカチオン性モノマーであるN,N-ジメチルアミノプロピルアクリルアミドを放射線グラフト重合させた繊維状の吸着材を設置した腐植様着色物質を吸着・除去させる排水処理方法であり、脱着による腐植様着色物質の回収並びに繊維状物の繰り返し利用を可能にしたシステムである。ビニロン繊維に$$gamma$$線を60kGy照射し、窒素置換した20%のモノマー溶液中で2時間グラフト反応して、グラフト率が約100%から150%有する吸着材を作製した。グラフト率が100%以上有する吸着材は、腐植様着色物質を吸着し、二次処理水の色度を90%以上低下させた。本技術は、家畜汚水,河川,土壌廃水からの腐植酸用物質回収材料として、農業,工業,環境等の広範囲な分野への応用が期待される。

There are many livestock farmers in Gunma Prefecture. Many of the farms are located under Mt. Akagi and Haruna, which attract tourists. Furthermore, rivers around the mountains are source of water supply to metropolitan area. Therefore, the waste treatments are very important. Regulations of smell and COD (chemical oxygen demand) are severe in Gunma Prefecture. Although there is no regulation for color of drain water, color in secondary treated water from livestock urine waste has been one of the major concerns for livestock farmers. The color is a metabolite of microorganisms and not easy to be removed. People have tried to remove the color by ozone treatment, absorption using activated carbon or soils. An absorbent was prepared by radiation grafting; fibers were irradiated with $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-rays and some kinds of monomers were grafted onto the fibers. The absorbent thus prepared were used to decolorize the secondary treated water. The color and COD were removed by the absorbent, however, COD removal was more difficult than decolorization. Degree of grafting (weight increase expressed in % by grafting reaction to initial weight of the fiber), treated water/absorbent ratio, flow rate of treated water, and direction of flow affected color and COD removal. The used absorbent could be used repeatedly after washing.

Access

:

- Accesses

InCites™

:

Altmetrics

:

[CLARIVATE ANALYTICS], [WEB OF SCIENCE], [HIGHLY CITED PAPER & CUP LOGO] and [HOT PAPER & FIRE LOGO] are trademarks of Clarivate Analytics, and/or its affiliated company or companies, and used herein by permission and/or license.