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Report No.
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Study on the underexpanded gas jet into water

Someya, Satoshi*; Uchida, Mitsunori*; Uchibori, Akihiro; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Li, Y.*; Okamoto, Koji*

When the pressurized water or water vapor leaks from a failed heat transfer tube in a steam generator of sodium cooled fast reactors, the high-velocity and high-temperature jet with sodium-water chemical reaction may cause wastage of the adjacent tubes. The evaluation of the wastage rate requires numerical analysis of the reaction jet. To construct a numerical method for the reaction jet, experiment on the underexpanded gas jet into the liquid pool need to be done. In this study visualization and measurement for the underexpanded nitrogen gas jet injected into the water was carried out. The horizontal penetration length of the gas jet and the expansion angle were obtained from the averaged images of a high-speed camera. The experimental results showed that the penetration length and the expansion angle increased approximately linearly with increasing stagnation pressure. The entrainment velocity and the velocity of the entrained water droplets were obtained by PIV.

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