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Report No.

X-ray magnetic circular dichroism of a valence fluctuating state in Eu at high magnetic fields

Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Ouyang, Z. W.*; Nojiri, Hiroyuki*; Inami, Toshiya; Owada, Kenji; Suzuki, Motohiro*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mitsuda, Akihiro*; Wada, Hirofumi*

X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the Eu L edge in two compounds exhibiting valence fluctuation, namely EuNi$$_2$$(Si$$_{0.18}$$Ge$$_{0.82}$$)$$_2$$ and EuNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$, has been investigated at high magnetic fields of up to 40T. A distinct XMCD peak corresponding to the trivalent state (Eu$$^{3+}$$), whose ground state is nonmagnetic (J = 0), was observed in addition to the main XMCD peak corresponding to the magnetic (J = 7/2) divalent state (Eu$$^{2+}$$). This result indicates that the 5$$d$$ electrons belonging to both valence states are magnetically polarized. It was also found that the ratio $$P$$$$_{5d}$$(3+)/$$P$$$$_{5d}$$(2+) between the polarization of 5$$d$$ electrons($$P$$$$_{5d}$$) in the Eu$$^{3+}$$ state and that of Eu$$^{2+}$$ depends on the material. The possible origin of the XMCD and an explanation of the material dependence of $$P$$$$_{5d}$$(3+)/$$P$$$$_{5d}$$(2+) are discussed in terms of hybridization between the conduction electrons and the f electrons.



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Category:Physics, Multidisciplinary



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