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Surface structure of LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$; A New experimental technique using in situ X-ray diffraction and two-dimensional epitaxial film electrodes

Sakamoto, Kazuyuki*; Hirayama, Masaaki*; Sonoyama, Noriyuki*; Mori, Daisuke*; Yamada, Atsuo*; Tamura, Kazuhisa  ; Mizuki, Junichiro; Kanno, Ryoji*

Surface and bulk structural changes in LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$ were observed during electrochemical reactions using synchrotron X-ray scattering and a restricted reaction plane of two-dimensional (2D) epitaxial-film electrodes. The bulk structural changes confirmed lithium diffusion through the (110) surface, which is perpendicular to the 2D edges of the layered structure. No (de)intercalation reaction was observed through the (003) surface in the voltage range of 3.0-5.0 V. However, intercalation proceeded below 3.0 V, which indicates unusual three-dimensional lithium diffusion in the 2D structure in the overlithiated state. Structural changes at the electrode surface were different from those in the bulk.

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Category:Chemistry, Physical

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