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Equilibrium partition coefficients of cesium and iodine between sodium pool and the inert cover gas

ナトリウムプールと不活性カバーガス間のセシウムとヨウ素の気液平衡分配係数

宮原 信哉; 西村 正弘; 中桐 俊男

Miyahara, Shinya; Nishimura, Masahiro; Nakagiri, Toshio

揮発性核分裂生成物であるセシウムとヨウ素の液体ナトリウムプールとその不活性カバーガス間の気液平衡分配係数をトランスパイレーション法を用いて測定した。実験の目的は、600から850$$^{circ}$$Cの高温におけるセシウムとヨウ素の平衡分配係数を得ることと、平衡分配係数のナトリウムプール中のセシウムとヨウ素の濃度の依存性を調べることである。既往研究と本研究の結果から得られた温度と気液平衡分配係数に関する実験式は、Castlemanの理論式とほぼ一致した。また、プール中濃度による影響は、セシウムについては理論的な傾向と一致し、ヨウ素については逆の傾向を示した。後者はカバーガス中でのNa$$_{2}$$I$$_{2}$$の生成によるものと思われる。

Equilibrium partition coefficients were experimentally measured using "Transpiration method" for volatile fission products of cesium and iodine between liquid sodium pool and the inert cover gas. The objectives of the experiments are to : (1) Obtain the equilibrium partition coefficients of cesium and iodine at high temperature between 600 and 850 $$^{circ}$$C and (2) Study the dependence of the partition coefficients upon the concentration in the sodium pool. The obtained empirical equations are consistent with Castleman's theoretical equations. The partition coefficients of cesium measured at five different points of mole concentration in the pool were almost consistent with the theoretical values. On the other hand, the measured partition coefficients of iodine increased with the increase in the concentration in the pool and this tendency was incompatible with the theoretical consideration. The reason of this discrepancy might be attributed to the formation of Na$$_{2}$$I$$_{2}$$ in the cover gas.

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