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Evidence for quasifission in the sub-barrier reaction of $$^{30}$$Si+$$^{238}$$U

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Hirose, Kentaro*; Otsuki, Tsutomu*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; Hofmann, S.*

Fragment mass distributions for fission after full momentum transfer were measured for the reaction $$^{30}$$Si,+,$$^{238}$$U at bombarding energies around the Coulomb barrier. At energies above the Bass barrier, the mass distributions were Gaussian with mass symmetry. An asymmetric fission channel with mass $$A_{rm L}/A_{rm H}$$,$$approx$$,90$$/$$178 emerged at the sub-barrier energies, where competition between fusion and quasifission was suggested from the measured evaporation residue (ER) cross-section produced in fusion $$^{30}$$Si,+,$$^{238}$$U. We thus conclude the asymmetric channel is attributed to quasifission. The observed mass asymmetry is significantly smaller than those observed in actinide targets bombarded with heavier projectile, which suggests that the system $$^{30}$$Si,+,$$^{238}$$U approaches the shape of compound nucleus before disintegrating as quasifission.

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Category:Physics, Nuclear

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