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Single-shot picosecond interferometry with one-nanometer resolution for dynamical surface morphology using a soft X-ray laser

Suemoto, Toru; Terakawa, Kota*; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tomita, Takuro*; Yamamoto, Minoru; Hasegawa, Noboru; Deki, Manato*; Minami, Yasuo*; Kawachi, Tetsuya

Using highly coherent radiation at a wavelength of 13.9 nm from a Ag-plasma soft X-ray laser, we constructed a pump-and-probe interferometer based on a double Lloyd's mirror system. The spatial resolutions are evaluated with a test pattern, showing 1.8 micrometers lateral resolution, and 1-nm depth sensitivity. This instrument enables a single-shot observation of the surface morphology with a 7-ps time-resolution. We succeeded in observing a nanometer scale surface dilation of Pt films at the early stage of the ablation process initiated by a 70 fs near infrared pump pulse.

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Category:Optics

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