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Report No.
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Long-term high-temperature operation in the HTTR, 2; Core physics

Goto, Minoru; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Shimakawa, Satoshi; Tachibana, Yukio; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Iyoku, Tatsuo

In the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), which is a Japanese block-type HTGR, reactivity is controlled by control rods (CRs) and burnable poisons (BPs). The CRs insertion depth into the core should be retained shallow during burnup period, because the large insertion depth leads to significant disturbance of the power distribution, and consequently fuel temperature rises above the limit. Thus, the controllable reactivity with the CRs during operation is small, and then reactivity control through the burnup period largely depends on the BPs. It has not been confirmed an effectiveness of BPs on reactivity control on block-type HTGRs. The HTTR succeeded in long-term high temperature operation, and its burnup reached about 370EFPD. Thereby it became possible to confirm the effectiveness of BPs on reactivity control on the HTTR using its burnup data. We focused on a burnup change in the CRs insertion depth into the core to confirm whether the BPs functioned as designed. Additionally, we compared the change in the CRs insertion depths between analysis results and the experimental data to confirm validity of a whole core burnup calculation with the SRAC/COREBN. As a result, the experimental data showed that although the CRs insertion depth into the core was increased with burnup, it was retained the allowable depth. Meanwhile, the analysis result of the CRs insertion depth was in good agreement with the experimental data.

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