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Report No.

Nuclear orientation in the reaction $$^{34}$$S+$$^{238}$$U and synthesis of the new isotope $$^{268}$$Hs

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hofmann, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro; Comas, V. F.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gorshkov, A.*; Graeger, R.*; Hagino, Koichi*; Heinz, S.*; Heredia, J. A.*; Hirose, Kentaro*; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Lommel, B.*; Mann, R.*; Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Nagame, Yuichiro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Otsuki, Tsutomu*; Popeko, A. G.*; Saro, S.*; Sch$"a$del, M.*; T$"u$rler, A.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Yakushev, A.*; Yeremin, A. V.*

Synthesis of isotopes of the element hassium was studied using the reaction $$^{34}$$S+$$^{238}$$U$$rightarrow$$$$^{272}$$Hs*. At a kinetic energy of 163.0 MeV in the center of mass system we observed one $$alpha$$-decay chain starting at the isotope $$^{267}$$Hs. The cross-section was 1.8$$^{+4.2}_{-1.5}$$pb. At 152.0 MeV one decay of the new isotope $$^{268}$$Hs was observed. It decays with a half-life of 0.38$$^{+1.8}_{-0.17}$$s by 9479$$pm$$16 keV $$alpha$$-particle emission. Spontaneous fission of the daughter nucleus $$^{264}$$Sg was confirmed. The measured cross-section was 0.54$$^{+1.3}_{-0.45}$$pb. In-beam measurements of fission fragment mass distributions were performed to obtain information on the fusion probability at various orientation of the deformed target nucleus. The distributions changed from symmetry to asymmetry when the beam energy was changed from above-barrier to sub-barrier values, indicating orientation effects on fusion and/or quasifission. It was found that the distribution of symmetric mass fragments originates not only from fusion-fission, but has a strong component from quasifission. This result significantly influences the interpretation of data obtained from measurements of symmetric mass distributions with respect to extracting evaporation residue cross-sections.



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Category:Physics, Nuclear



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