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R&D and irradiation plans for new nuclear grade graphites for application to VHTR

VHTRへの適用を目指した新型黒鉛の研究開発計画及び照射計画

瀧澤 健太郎*; 掛橋 和幸*; 福田 敏昭*; Kida, Toru*; 沢 和弘; 角田 淳弥; 加藤 雄大*; Snead, L. L.*

Takizawa, Kentaro*; Kakehashi, Kazuyuki*; Fukuda, Toshiaki*; Kida, Toru*; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Sumita, Junya; Kato, Yutai*; Snead, L. L.*

高強度を有する微粒等方性黒鉛は、HTGR及びVHTR黒鉛構造物の有力な材料である。黒鉛構造物の寿命は、おもに照射後の残留応力で決まる。そのため、より高強度な原子炉級黒鉛の開発し設計に裕度を与えることで、黒鉛構造物の寿命延長が可能になるばかりではなく、経済性も大きく向上する。東海カーボンでは、30MPa以上の引張強度を有するG347S及びG458S黒鉛を対象にして、VHTR黒鉛構造物のため新たな原子炉級黒鉛の開発を始めた。照射は、オークリッジ国立研究所の高中性子束アイソトープ原子炉を用い、照射量は30dpa、照射温度は300-900$$^{circ}$$Cであり、照射後試験として寸法変化、弾性率、熱膨張率等の測定を予定している。また、日本原子力研究開発機構と共同で未照射材及び照射材の特性評価を行う予定である。ここでは、G347SとG458SのR&D計画を紹介するとともに、特性評価の結果及び照射試験計画を示す。

Fine-grained isotropic graphite shows high strength making it a promising material for the graphite component of High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) and Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR). Service life of the graphite component is determined primarily by the residual strength after neutron irradiation in the reactor core. It is expected that development of a new nuclear grade graphite possessing higher strength will contribute toward added design margins and an extension of the service life of components, which likely improve the reactor economy very significantly. Tokai Carbon Co. LTD. has started the development of nuclear grade graphite for the graphite component of VHTR. G347S and G458S grades are fine-grained isotropic graphites having high tensile strength greater than 30 MPa. It is planned to carry out the neutron irradiation tests using High Flux Isotope Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory up to the neutron fluence of 30 dpa and the irradiation temperatures of 300-900$$^{circ}$$C. The dimensional changes, elastic modulus, coefficient of thermal expansion, etc., will be studied. It is also planned to evaluate the non-irradiated mechanical/thermal properties and the irradiation effects in collaboration with Japan Atomic Energy Agency. This paper introduces our technical R&D plan for G347S and G458S. The initial results of the properties and the irradiation test plan are also shown.

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