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Report No.

Self-leveling onset criteria in debris beds

Zhang, B.*; Harada, Tetsushi*; Hirahara, Daisuke*; Matsumoto, Tatsuya*; Morita, Koji*; Fukuda, Kenji*; Yamano, Hidemasa  ; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu

We develop criteria establishing the onset of self-leveling behavior of core debris in a core-disruptive accident of a sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor. We base the criteria on a force balance model assuming a debris bed with a single-sized spherical particle. The model considers drag, buoyancy, and gravity acting on each particle. A series of experiments verified the applicability of this description of self-leveling. Particle size, shape, density, along with boiling intensity, bed volume, and even experimental methods were taken into consideration to obtain general characteristics of the self-leveling process. We used depressurization boiling to simulate an axially increasing void distribution in the debris bed. We also used bottom heating to validate the use of the depressurization method. We obtained good agreement between model predictions for the self-leveling onset and experimental results. Extrapolation of our model to actual reactor conditions is discussed.



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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology



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