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Surface-assisted spin Hall effect in Au films with Pt impurities

Gu, B.; Sugai, Isamu*; Ziman, T.*; Guo, G. Y.*; Nagaosa, Naoto; Seki, Takeshi*; Takanashi, Koki; Maekawa, Sadamichi

We show, both experimentally and theoretically, a novel route to obtain giant room temperature spin Hall effect due to surface-assisted skew scattering. In the experiment, we report the spin Hall effect in Pt-doped Au films with different thicknesses $$t_N$$. The giant spin Hall angle $$gamma_S$$ = $$0.12 pm 0.04$$ is obtained for $$t_N$$ = 10 nm at room temperature, while it is much smaller for $$t_N$$ = 20 nm sample. Combined ${it ab initio}$ and quantum Monte Carlo calculations for the skew scattering due to a Pt impurity show $$gamma_S$$ $$cong$$ 0.1 on the Au (111) surface, while it is small in bulk Au. The quantum Monte Carlo results show that the spin-orbit interaction of the Pt impurity on the Au (111) surface is enhanced, because the Pt 5$$d$$ levels are lifted to the Fermi level due to the valence fluctuation. In addition, there are two spin-orbit interaction channels on the Au (111) surface, while only one in bulk Au.

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Category:Physics, Multidisciplinary

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