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Structural and valence changes of europium hydride induced by application of high-pressure H$$_{2}$$

Matsuoka, Takahiro*; Fujihisa, Hiroshi*; Hirao, Naohisa*; Oishi, Yasuo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Masuda, Ryo; Seto, Makoto*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Shimizu, Katsuya*; Machida, Akihiko; Aoki, Katsutoshi

Europium-hydride EuH$$_{x}$$ exposed to high-pressure H$$_{2}$$ conditions has been found to exhibit structural and valence changes, $$Pnma$$ ($$x$$=2, divalent) $$rightarrow$$ $$P$$63/$$mmc$$ ($$x$$=2, 7.2-8.7 GPa) $$rightarrow$$ $$I$$4/$$m$$ ($$x$$$$>$$2, 8.7-9.7 GPa) $$rightarrow$$ $$I$$4/$$mmm$$ ($$x$$$$>$$2, 9.7 GPa-, trivalent). Having trivalent character and distorted cubic fcc structure, the $$I$$4/$$mmm$$ structure is the $$beta$$-phase which has been commonly observed for other rare-earth metal hydrides. Our study clearly demonstrates that EuH$$_{x}$$ is no longer an "irregular" member of the rare earth metal hydrides.

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Category:Physics, Multidisciplinary

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