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Report No.
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Change in activity of catalysts for the oxidation of tritium during a fire event

Iwai, Yasunori; Sato, Katsumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

The catalytic performance should be maintained in any off normal events. Fire accident is the typical off normal event. In the fusion plant, typical combustibles are evaluated to be polymeric low-halogen cables. Produced gases from burned low-halogen cable may affect the activity of catalysts for the oxidation of tritium. We experimentally demonstrated the influence of produced gases from burned low-halogen cable on the activity of catalyst using tritium gas. Our analyzed result showed that ethylene, methane and benzene were major produced gases. The activity of catalysts for the oxidation of tritium during a fire event was evaluated using two types of commercial Pt catalysts which are the hydrophilic Pt/Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and the new type hydrophobic catalyst named TKK-H1P especially developed for the room temperature conversion of tritium to tritiated vapor. The temperature of catalytic reactor was selected to be 423 or 293 K. At 423 K, no considerable decrease in catalytic activity was observed for both catalysts even in the presence of produced gases from burned low-halogen cable. At 293K, considerable increase in catalytic activity was initially observed for both catalysts due to the effect of produced hydrogen. Then the temporary decrease was observed, however the catalytic activity was gradually recovered to be the original activity. Consequently, the irreversible decrease in activity of the catalysts during a fire event was not observed.

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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology

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