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Report No.
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Design study to increase plutonium conversion ratio of HC-FLWR core

Yamaji, Akifumi; Nakano, Yoshihiro; Uchikawa, Sadao; Okubo, Tsutomu

HC-FLWR effectively utilizes the uranium (U) and the plutonium (Pu) resources by achieving a fissile Pu conversion ratio of 0.84 without a significant technical gap from the current BWR technology. In this study, a new core design concept for HC-FLWR has been developed to achieve the conversion ratio of 0.95. The concept of the FLWR/MIX fuel assembly, which had been originally proposed for tight fuel bundle, was used to raise the conversion ratio without deteriorating the core void reactivity characteristics. For a semi-tight fuel rod lattice with rod clearance of 0.20 to 0.25 cm, the design ranges of the conversion ratio and the average discharge burnup are 0.91 to 0.94 and 53 to 49 GWd/t, respectively. The conversion ratio can be raised to 0.97 by increasing the $$^{235}$$U enrichment from 4.9 to 6.0 wt%. Two representative core designs and one alternative design option have been obtained. Hence, the flexibility of HC-FLWR concept to achieve the conversion ratio of 0.84 to 0.95 has been revealed.

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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology

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