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Deuterium concentration of co-deposited carbon layer produced at gap of wall tiles

Nobuta, Yuji*; Yokoyama, Kenji; Kanazawa, Jun*; Yamauchi, Yuji*; Hino, Tomoaki*; Suzuki, Satoshi; Ezato, Koichiro; Enoeda, Mikio; Akiba, Masato

Tritium retention of a carbon layer deposited in the gap of plasma-facing materials is a primary concern for next step fusion devices. In this study, deuterium concentration and carbon deposition profile in a gap were investigated for carbon layers prepared by using deuterium arc discharge with carbon electrodes. The deuterium retention was measured with thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). The discharge pressure was varied from 0.8 to 36 Pa. The amount of deposited carbon into the gap decreased exponentially with the increase of the depth. The atomic ratios of D/C of the carbon layers prepared at 0.8 and 36 Pa were approximately 0.1 and 1.0, respectively. For the carbon layer prepared at 0.8 Pa, most of retained deuterium was released in the form of D$$_{2}$$ and HD. On the other hand, at 36 Pa, approximately a half of retained deuterium was desorbed in the form of hydrocarbon, CD$$_{4}$$ and C$$_{2}$$D$$_{4}$$.



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Category:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary



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