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Report No.
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Groundwater pressure changes in Central Japan induced by the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake

Niwa, Masakazu   ; Takeuchi, Ryuji  ; Onoe, Hironori ; Tsuyuguchi, Koji; Asamori, Koichi; Umeda, Koji; Sugihara, Kozo

In the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, groundwater pressure changes were observed in and around the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU). Coseismic changes of groundwater pressure are believed to correspond to crustal dilation/contraction induced by earthquakes. In this study we calculated volumetric strain changes due to the Tohoku Earthquake. The calculation indicates 2$$times$$10$$^{-7}$$ of dilational strain around the MIU. The dilation corresponds to drawdowns of several tens of centimeters or more, and is almost the same as the drawdown observed in the boreholes at distances greater than 1 km from the MIU. In contrast, rapid elevation of groundwater pressures was observed in the boreholes within the 500 m vicinity of the MIU. The anomalous elevation is explained by a temporary recovery of the drawdown due to excavation of the shafts and a unique permeability increase induced by the coseismic dilation of impervious faults.

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Category:Geochemistry & Geophysics

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