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Exchange bias in multiferroic $$R$$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ ($$R$$=Y, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and In)

Yoshii, Kenji  ; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Nishihata, Yasuo; Maeda, Daisuke*; Fukuyama, Ryota*; Nagata, Tomoko*; Kano, Jun*; Kambe, Takashi*; Horibe, Yoichi*; Mori, Shigeo*

Exchange bias (EB) behavior has been observed for multiferroic $$R$$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ ($$R$$=Y, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and In). The materials with the small $$R$$$$^{3+}$$ ions ($$R$$=Tm, Yb, Lu and In) exhibit large EB fields ($$_sim^{>}$$ 1 kOe) below $$sim$$100-150 K. This property is rooted in a magnetically glassy state, arising from the competition between ferro- and antiferromagnetic domain interactions. In addition, the exchange bias field tends to be more enhanced for smaller $$R$$$$^{3+}$$ ions. Hence, the EB is controlled by the substitution at the $$R$$-site in this series.



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Category:Physics, Multidisciplinary



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