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Carbon transport and fuel retention in JT-60U with higher temperature operation based on postmortem analysis

タイル分析法による高温運転されたJT-60Uでの炭素輸送及び水素蓄積について

吉田 雅史; 田辺 哲朗*; 足立 歩*; 林 孝夫; 仲野 友英; 福本 正勝; 柳生 純一; 三代 康彦; 正木 圭; 伊丹 潔

Yoshida, Masafumi; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Adachi, Ayumu*; Hayashi, Takao; Nakano, Tomohide; Fukumoto, Masakatsu; Yagyu, Junichi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Masaki, Kei; Itami, Kiyoshi

JT-60U炉内全体での水素蓄積量を評価するために、これまで明らかにされていないプラズマに直接当たらない領域(タイル側面及びダイバータ下部)での水素蓄積速度及び炭素堆積速度を実測した。得られた結果を、これまで明らかにされているプラズマに当たる領域でのデータと合わせることにより、JT-60U炉内全体で、水素あるいは炭素がどこにどれだけ蓄積・輸送されるのかを明らかにした。その結果、JT-60U炉内全体の水素蓄積速度は1.3$$times$$10$$^{20}$$ H+Ds$$^{-1}$$となり、この値は他のプラズマ装置にて報告されている値よりも遅いことがわかった。これは、JT-60Uが高温で運転されていることに起因する。

Fuel retention rates and carbon re-deposition rates in the plasma shadowed areas in JT-60U were measured. Distributions of the fuel retention as well as the carbon re-deposition in the whole in-vessel of a large tokamak were clarified for the first time in the world. The fuel retention in the plasma shadowed areas was about two times larger than that in the carbon re-deposited layers on the plasma facing surface, although the amount of the carbon re-deposited on the plasma shadowed areas were about a half of that on the plasma facing surface, because of relatively lower temperature in the shadow areas causing higher hydrogen saturation concentration in the carbon re-deposited layers. The total fuel retention rate in JT-60U, including previously measured for all plasma facing areas, was evaluated to be 1.3$$times$$10$$^{20}$$ H+Ds$$^{-1}$$, which was lower than that in other devices, due to probably to higher temperature operation in JT-60U.

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パーセンタイル:53.77

分野:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

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