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Report No.

Study and optimization on graft polymerization under normal pressure and air atmospheric conditions, and its application to metal adsorbent

Ueki, Yuji; Dafader, N. C.*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki; Seko, Noriaki; Tamada, Masao

By finding optimum grafting conditions, radiation-induced graft polymerization of glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) onto non-woven polyethylene (NWPE) fabric was achieved under normal pressure and air atmospheric conditions, even when a polyethylene bottle was used as a reactor instead of unique apparatus such as glass ampoules or vacuum lines. The optimum grafting conditions in this paper were as follows; the pre-irradiation dose was more than 50 kGy, the volume ratio of GMA-emulsion to air was 50:1 or less, and the dissolved oxygen concentration in GMA-emulsion during grafting was below 2.0 mg/L, respectively. Under these grafting conditions, the grafting yield was controlled up to 362%. The prepared GMA-grafted NWPE (GMA-g-NWPE) fabric was modified with a phosphoric acid to obtain a fibrous metal adsorbent. In the column-mode adsorption tests of Pb(II), the adsorption performance of the fibrous metal adsorbent was not essentially dependent on the flow rate of the feed. The breakthrough points of 200, 500, and 1000 h$$^{-1}$$ in space velocity were 483, 477 and 462 bed volumes, and the breakthrough capacities of the three flow rates were 1.16, 1.15 and 1.16 mmol-Pb(II)/g-adsorbent, respectively.



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Category:Chemistry, Physical



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