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Efficiency enhancement of indirect transverse laser cooling with synchro-betatron resonant coupling by suppression of beam intensity

Soda, Hikaru*; Nakao, Masao*; Tongu, Hiromu*; Jimbo, Koichi*; Osaki, Kazuya*; Okamoto, Hiromi*; Yuri, Yosuke; He, Z.*; Grieser, M.*; Noda, Akira*

The efficiency of indirect transverse laser cooling of a heavy-ion beam using synchro-betatron resonant coupling (SBRC) was improved by the reduction of the beam intensity through scraping the tail part of the beam. In order to measure the beam size at low beam intensity, a new scheme was established where the beam profile was determined from the beam survival ratio by changing the insertion position of a beam scraper. At a beam intensity of $$10^4$$ particles in the ring, the transverse cooling time of the beam was reduced to 1.2 s, and horizontal and vertical minimum beam sizes were 0.2 mm and 0.6 mm, corresponding to the beam temperatures of 20 K and 29 K, respectively. The cooling time was much improved compared with that of our previous experiment, 100 s at $$10^7$$ particles (Nakao et al.). The transverse temperature was comparable to that in other work (Madsen et al.), in spite of the limitation in the experimental conditions such as low laser power and short laser-cooling section. This suggests that the present SBRC scheme has a potential capacity for attaining a lower-temperature beam or even Coulomb crystallization.

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Category:Physics, Applied

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