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Report No.
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Lung dosimetry of inhaled radon progeny in mice

Sakoda, Akihiro   ; Ishimori, Yuu  ; Fukao, Kosuke*; Yamaoka, Kiyonori*; Kataoka, Takahiro*; Mitsunobu, Fumihiro*

Biological response of exposure to radon progeny has long been investigated, but there are few studies in which absorbed doses in lungs were estimated if laboratory animals were used. The present study is the first attempt to calculate the doses of inhaled radon progeny for mice. For reference, the doses for rats and humans were also computed with the corresponding models. Lung deposition of particles, their clearance, and energy deposition of alpha particles to sensitive tissues were systematically simulated. Absorbed doses to trachea and bronchi (BB), bronchioles and terminal bronchioles (bb), alveolar-interstitial (AI) regions, and whole lung were first provided as a function of monodisperse radon-progeny particles with an equilibrium equivalent radon concentration of 1 Bq m-3 (equilibrium factor: 0.4 and unattached fraction: 0.01). Based on the results, absorbed doses were then calculated for (1) a reference mine condition and (2) a condition previously used for animal experiments. It was found that the whole lung doses for mice, rats and humans were 34.8, 20.7 and 10.7 nGy (Bq m$$^{-3}$$)$$^{-1}$$ h$$^{-1}$$ for the mine condition, respectively, while they were 16.9, 9.9 and 6.5 nGy (Bq m$$^{-3}$$)$$^{-1}$$ h$$^{-1}$$ for the animal experimental condition. In both cases, the values of mice are about 2 times higher than those of rats, and about 3 times higher than those of humans. Comparison of our data on rats and humans with those published in the literature shows an acceptable agreement, suggesting the validity of the present modeling for mice. In the future, a more sophisticated dosimetric study of inhaled radon progeny in mice would be desirable to demonstrate how anatomical, physiological and environmental parameters can influence absorbed doses.

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