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Report No.
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Criticality safety evaluation of damaged burned nuclear fuel; Effect of structural materials

Okubo, Kiyoshi; Suyama, Kenya; Kashima, Takao; Tonoike, Kotaro; Takada, Tomoyuki*

Criticality safety analysis is necessary for the damaged-fuel handling in the Fukushima Daiichi NPP decommissioning. This presentation show influence of structural materials such as Zry-2, Fe, concrete expected to be present in the damaged fuel. Multiplication factor (kinf) decreases most by replacing moisture, in the damaged fuel, with iron. Replacement of all moisture with Zry-2 gives the same influence as iron, although decrease rate of kinf is lower because of the smaller absorb cross section of Zry-2. Concrete has much less influence due to the neutron moderation by hydrogen contained in concrete, which calls attention on handling of the concrete-fuel mixture. Effect as reflector of the materials is also evaluated.

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