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Report No.

Gyrokinetic turbulence simulations of high-beta tokamak and helical plasmas with full-kinetic and hybrid models

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Maeyama, Shinya; Watanabe, Tomohiko*; Sugama, Hideo*; Nakajima, Noriyoshi*

Turbulent transport in high-beta toroidal plasmas is investigated by means of an electromagnetic gyrokinetic model and a newly developed electromagnetic hybrid model consisting of the gyrokinetic equation for ions and fluid equations for electrons. Full gyrokinetic simulation results for Cyclone base case tokamak and for Large Helical Device (LHD) plasmas are quickly and accurately reproduced by the hybrid simulation. In the kinetic ballooning mode (KBM) driven turbulence the ion heat and particle fluxes are mainly caused by electrostatic perturbation, and the contribution of magnetic perturbation is small and negative. The electron heat flux is caused by both of electrostatic and magnetic perturbations. The numerical solutions satisfy the entropy balance equation, and the entropy variable is transferred from ions to electrons through electromagnetic perturbation. An analysis based on the entropy balance equation shows that the zonal structure is produced by magnetic nonlinearity corresponding to the Maxwell stress in the fluid limit but is weakened by electrostatic one related to the Reynolds stress. Linear analysis on the standard configuration of LHD plasmas shows the suppression of ion temperature gradient mode (ITG) by finite beta effects and the destabilization of KBM at high beta.



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Category:Physics, Fluids & Plasmas



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