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Report No.
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Entrainment into high speed air jet blowing out from a hole to stagnant water

Koizumi, Yasuo*; Nago, Kohei*; Uchibori, Akihiro; Kamide, Hideki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Flow visualization experiments of an air jet in liquid were performed. The air jet was blown vertically upward into stagnant water or kerosine in the test vessel from a 1 mm width nozzle which was located at the bottom of the test vessel. A flow state of the jet in the liquid was recorded with a high speed video camera. Experimental result showed that the filament-like ears and wisps were pulled out from the wavy interface between liquid and the air jet. The ears and wisps were broken off and entrained into the air jet. As the air jet velocity increased, the number of entrainments created by the air jet increased lineally. The correlation for the entrainment diameter distribution which was developed for the annular dispersed two-phase flow in a pipe predicted well the present results. Measured entrainment rates were considerably lower than the prediction of the correlation for the annular dispersed two-phase flow in a pipe.

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