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高速炉炉心損傷事故時の燃料集合体内部ダクト壁の破損発生機構に関する研究; 伝熱に関わるパラメータ解析結果

Study on mechanism of inner duct wall failure within fuel subassembly during core disruptive accidents in an LMFBR; Results of parametric analyses for heat transfer

豊岡 淳一; 遠藤 寛*; 飛田 吉春; 高橋 実*

Toyooka, Junichi; Endo, Hiroshi*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Takahashi, Minoru*

本研究では、次世代ナトリウム冷却高速増殖炉として、炉心損傷事故時に溶融燃料を炉心外に排除することにより再臨界を回避する目的で燃料集合体内部に溶融燃料を流出する経路(内部ダクト)を設けたFAIDUS集合体を採用しているJSFRについて、FAIDUS集合体の再臨界排除機能の原理的有効性を確認し、内部ダクト壁の早期・高熱流束破損に関する伝熱機構を明らかにすることを目的とし、溶融燃料を内部ダクトの破損により排除する機能を確認するための実機模擬性の高い試験での試験データに基づいた解析的研究を実施した。その結果、初めて機構論的なモデルでID1試験の早期ダクト破損を説明できる結果を得た。また、本試験解析を通じて、高速炉の再臨界問題を解決するうえで重要となるダクト破損に至る過程の物理メカニズムの解明を進めた

In the design of future sodium-cooled fast reactor, a design measure to prevent severe re-criticality events even in case of core disruptive accidents is considered. This design adopts inner duct within the fuel sub-assembly that should allow molten fuel ejection out of the core region. The effectiveness of this design is dependent on failure time of the duct and it depends significantly on heat transfer from the melting core materials to the duct. In the previous study by the authors, heat transfer from molten fuel/steel mixture to the inner duct was evaluated with a computer model simulation for an in-pile experiment performed in IGR (Impulse Graphite Reactor) focusing on demonstration of the design effectiveness. In the present study, possible uncertainties in the assumption and model parameters in the previous study were evaluated so that validity of the main conclusion of the previous study could be confirmed and re-enforced. This confirmation consisted of evaluation of necessary fuel-to-steel heat transfer area, effect of hydrodynamic fragmentation of steel droplets, steel-vapor condensation heat transfer onto the duct surface and fuel crust formation. Furthermore, possible effect of variation in fuel designs and transient scenarios to the heat transfer was evaluated changing steel volume fraction as the initial boundary conditions. It was concluded that the previous study was appropriate in representing the realistic situation and the conclusions in the previous study were enforced. An additional set of analysis showed that possible under-estimation of heat transfer from fuel/steel mixture to the duct could be enhanced with a condition where steel volume fraction is less. Future model improvement is preferable for this characteristic.

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