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Analysis of magnetization behavior in magnetic semiconductor $$beta$$-US$$_{2}$$

Yamamoto, Etsuji ; Tateiwa, Naoyuki  ; Haga, Yoshinori ; Ikeda, Shugo*; Sakai, Hironori  ; Onuki, Yoshichika; Fisk, Z.

$$beta$$-US$$_2$$ is a paramagnetic semiconductor. Chemical substitution of the sulfur site or application of hydrostatic pressure induces ferromagnetic ordering, indicating that $$beta$$-US$$_2$$ is located near the ferromagnetic instability. Application of magnetic field leads to a huge negative magnetoresistance in $$beta$$-US$$_2$$ and this behavior is discussed based on the magnetic polaron. In the present study, we study the magnetic, transport and thermal properties of $$beta$$-US$$_2$$ in detail to clarify the anomalous behavior. Magnetization measurements at low temperature can roughly be explained by a ferromagnetic cluster behavior where the number of the cluster is equal to the number of carrier estimated from Hall effect measurements, consistent with the magnetic polaron model.

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