Relativistic mirrors in plasmas; Novel results and perspectives
Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; 神門 正城; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Rosanov, N. N.*
Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Kando, Masaki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Rosanov, N. N.*
Relativistic flying mirrors in plasmas are thin, dense electron or electron-ion layers accelerated by high-intensity electromagnetic waves to velocities close to the speed of light in the vacuum; in nonlinear media, refractive index modulations are induced by a strong electromagnetic wave. The reflection of the electromagnetic wave from the relativistic mirror results in its energy and frequency changing. In the counter-propagation configuration, the frequency of the reflected wave is multiplied by the factor proportional to the -factor squared. This scientific area promises the development of sources of ultrashort X-ray pulses in the attosecond range. The expected intensity will reach the level at which the effects predicted by nonlinear quantum electrodynamics start to play a key role. In the co-propagating configuration, the energy of the electromagnetic wave is transferred to the ion energy, providing a highly efficient acceleration mechanism.