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Report No.

Experimental analyses and predictive simulations of toroidal rotation driven by the neoclassical toroidal viscosity in rippled tokamaks

Honda, Mitsuru; Satake, Shinsuke*; Suzuki, Yasuhiro*; Matsunaga, Go; Shinohara, Koji; Yoshida, Maiko; Matsuyama, Akinobu; Ide, Shunsuke; Urano, Hajime

A cooperation framework for analyses and predictions of the neoclassical toroidal viscosity (NTV) and the resultant toroidal flow is developed among the TOPICS, VMEC and FORTEC-3D codes. With the real geometry in JT-60U taken into account, it is found that the NTV is one of the cardinal torque sources especially in the edge region irrespective of the insertion of the ferritic steel tiles (FSTs) that reduce the toroidal field ripple amplitude and it is essential to numerically reproduce the measured toroidal rotation profile in the edge. The up-down asymmetric component of the NTV is damped due to the FSTs and the NTV profile correlates with the profile of the radial electric field $$E_r$$. Predictive simulations for JT-60SA H-mode scenarios are also performed to investigate the effects of the NTV on toroidal rotation. The NTV reversal is observed in the pedestal region where the steep pressure gradient is formed, due to the dependence of the NTV on $$E_r$$.



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Category:Physics, Fluids & Plasmas



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