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Positive-negative dual-tone sensitivities of ZEP resist

Oyama, Tomoko; Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Oshima, Akihiro*; Washio, Masakazu*; Tagawa, Seiichi*

A chlorinated polymer ZEP is a main-chain scission type (positive-tone) high-sensitivity resist. However, we found that ZEP changes to negative-tone with a high dose of electron beam irradiation. The sensitivities to a 100 kV electron beam as a dual-tone are evaluated with various developers. Owing to different solvation strengths, the resist sensitivity varied with different developers in the positive-tone region. On the other hand, it was found that the threshold dose for the positive-negative inversion is independent of the developer. According to an analysis using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and NMR spectroscopy, we found that the amount of chlorine atoms and terminal double bonds generated by chain scission determines the threshold of the P-N inversion. This result provides important information for possible ZEP applications such as a dual-tone resist.

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Category:Physics, Applied

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