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Report No.

Ultralow emittance beam production based on Doppler laser cooling and coupling resonance

Noda, Akira*; Nakao, Masao*; Okamoto, Hiromi*; Osaki, Kazuya*; Yuri, Yosuke; Soda, Hikaru*; Tongu, Hiromu*; Jimbo, Koichi*; Grieser, M.*; He, Z.*; Smirnov, A.*

Three-dimensional (3D) cooling of 40-keV $$^{24}$$Mg$$^+$$ ion beams with Doppler laser cooling and the coupling resonance has been demonstrated in the storage ring S-LSR of Kyoto University toward the production of ultralow-emittance beams, in other words, ultracold beams and so-called crystalline beams. So far, the transverse temperatures of 6 K and 2 K have been experimentally attained in the horizontal and vertical directions, respectively, at a low beam intensity of about $$10^4$$ ions in the ring. These temperatures are the lowest ever attained by laser cooling of ion beams. Systematic molecular dynamics simulations predict the realization of further lower temperatures, $$approx$$ 1 mK and $$approx$$ 0.1 K in the longitudinal and transverse directions, respectively, if the laser spot size and detuning are properly adjusted even with such a low laser power ($$approx$$ 10 mW) as utilized in the experiments at S-LSR. A 3D ordered state of the beam with 3D laser cooling is also predicted. Recent experimental achievements and latest simulation results are presented.



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