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Report No.
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Assessment of specific absorbed fractions for photons and electrons using average adult Japanese male phantom

Manabe, Kentaro; Sato, Kaoru; Takahashi, Fumiaki

International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) determined reference phantoms based on physique and organ masses (physical characteristics) of Caucasian for dose assessment in the 2007 Recommendations. In internal dosimetry, the reference phantoms are used for calculation of specific absorbed fractions (SAFs). On the other hand, adult Japanese have smaller build than adult Caucasian, and organ masses are different from each other. SAFs depend on physical characteristics. Therefore, differences in physical characteristics between both races can influence dose coefficients. Then, SAFs of average adult Japanese male phantom, JM-103, were calculated by incorporating JM-103 into the general purpose radiation transport code, MCNPX2.6.0, and electron and photon SAFs were evaluated for 25 energies from 10 keV to 10 MeV and for combinations of 67 source regions and 41 target organs. The effect of the difference in build and organ masses between adult Japanese and Caucasian on SAFs was also examined by comparison between the calculated SAFs in this study and SAFs of the reference adult male phantom of ICRP. The SAFs of JM-103 calculated in this study are basic data for assessment of influence of difference in physical characteristics between the races on dose coefficients.

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