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Study on criteria of flushing phenomena in boiling transition by microwave heating

マイクロ波加熱による沸騰遷移における突沸現象の発生条件の研究

八巻 辰徳*; 阿部 豊*; 金子 暁子*; 瀬川 智臣 ; 川口 浩一 ; 山田 美一 

Yamaki, Tatsunori*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Segawa, Tomomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

核燃料サイクルにおける転換工程では、マイクロ波加熱直接脱硝法により使用済み燃料の硝酸プルトニウム・硝酸ウラニル混合溶液をMOX粉末に転換している。従来の平皿容器に比べて高速・大容量が期待された円筒容器では、マイクロ波加熱時に突沸による吹き零れ現象が発生し、装置設計の最適化や運転条件の安全性が求められることから、マイクロ波加熱時の突沸及び噴き零れのメカニズム解明を行った。水のマイクロ波加熱試験結果により、突沸の条件と蒸発により放出されるエネルギーと吸収電力量の関係を明らかにした。また、硝酸プルトニウム・硝酸ウラニル混合溶液の模擬溶液としてKCl水溶液及びKCl寒天を用いたマイクロ波加熱試験により、KClの濃度が増加するに従い、外表面が加熱され、流動構造が変化することがわかった。

Uranium and plutonium mixed nitrate solution of the spent nuclear fuel is converted to uranium and plutonium mixed oxide (MOX) powder by the microwave heating direct denitration method in co-conversion process of the nuclear fuel cycle. The cylindrical denitration vessel can be expected to realize high-speed and high-capacity processing against traditional shallow vessel. However, flushing and overflow phenomena of solution have been confirmed in cylindrical vessel. Thus, It is required to be clarified that the generation condition and generation mechanism of flushing phenomena during microwave heating for the safety of the operating condition and the optimum design of the equipment. The craiteria of flushing phenomena and the relationship between the released power by evaporation and the absorbed power in water is confirmed by the experimental results from the microwave heating. It is found that the flow structure is changed and the outer surface is heated according to the increase of the concentration of KCl by the microwave heating experiment with using the KCl solution and KCl jelly as a simulated solution of the uranium and plutonium mixed nitrate solution.

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