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Report No.

Radiocaesium activity concentrations in parmelioid lichens within a 60 km radius of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

Dohi, Terumi; Omura, Yoshihito*; Kashiwadani, Hiroyuki*; Fujiwara, Kenso; Sakamoto, Yoshiaki; Iijima, Kazuki

Radiocaesium activity concentrations ($$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Cs) were measured in parmelioid lichens collected within the Fukushima Prefecture approximately 2 y after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. A total of 44 samples consisting of nine species were collected at 16 points within a 60 km radius of the FDNPP. The activity concentration of $$^{134}$$Cs ranged from 4.6 to 1000 kBq kg$$^{-1}$$ and for $$^{137}$$Cs ranged from 7.6 to 1740 kBq kg$$^{-1}$$. A significant positive correlation was found between the $$^{137}$$Cs activity concentration in lichens and the $$^{137}$$Cs deposition density on soil, based on the calculated Spearman's rank correlation coefficients as $$r$$ = 0.90 ($$P$$ $$<$$ 0.01). The two dominant species, Flavoparmelia caperata and Parmotrema clavuliferum, showed strong positive correlations, for which the r values were calculated as 0.92 ($$P$$ $$<$$ 0.01) and 0.90 ($$P$$ $$<$$ 0.01) respectively. Therefore, they are suggested as biomonitoring species for levels of radiocaesium fallout within the Fukushima Prefecture.



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Category:Environmental Sciences



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