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SIMMER-III analyses of local fuel-coolant interactions in a simulated molten fuel pool; Effect of coolant quantity

Cheng, S.; Matsuba, Kenichi  ; Isozaki, Mikio; Kamiyama, Kenji ; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu

To clarify the mechanisms underlying local fuel-coolant interactions (FCI) in a molten pool, in recent years several experimental tests, with comparatively larger difference in coolant volumes, were conducted at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency by delivering a given quantity of water into a molten pool formed with a low-melting-point alloy. In this study, to further understand this interaction, interaction characteristics including the pressure-buildup as well as mechanical energy release and its conversion efficiency are investigated using the SIMMER-III, an advanced fast reactor safety analysis code. It is found that the SIMMER-III code not only reasonably simulates the transient pressure and temperature variations during local FCIs, but also supports the limited tendency of pressurization and resultant mechanical energy release as observed from experiments when the volume of water delivered into the pool increases. The performed analyses also suggest that the most probable reason leading to such limited tendency should be primarily due to an isolation effect of vapor bubbles generated at the water-melt interface.

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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology

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