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Superconductivity in noncentrosymmetric iridium silicide Li$$_2$$IrSi$$_3$$

Pyon, S.*; Kudo, Kazutaka*; Matsumura, Junichi*; Ishii, Hiroyuki*; Matsuo, Genta*; Nohara, Minoru*; Hojo, Hajime*; Oka, Kengo*; Azuma, Masaki*; Garlea, V. O.*; Kodama, Katsuaki  ; Shamoto, Shinichi  

The effects of lithium absorption on the crystal structure and electronic properties of IrSi$$_3$$, a binary silicide with a noncentrosymmetric crystal structure, were studied. X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments revealed that hexagonal IrSi$$_3$$ (space group $$P6_3mc$$) transforms into trigonal Li$$_2$$IrSi$$_3$$ (space group $$P31c$$) upon lithium absorption. The structure of Li$$_2$$IrSi$$_3$$ is found to consist of a planar kagome network of silicon atoms with Li and Ir spaced at unequal distances between the kagome layers, resulting in a polar structure along the c-axis. Li$$_2$$IrSi$$_3$$ exhibited type-II superconductivity with a transition temperature $$T_{rm c}$$ of 3.8 K, displaying a structure type that no previous superconductors have been reported to have.

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Category:Physics, Multidisciplinary

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