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Cavitation damage prediction for the JSNS mercury target vessel

Naoe, Takashi  ; Kogawa, Hiroyuki ; Wakui, Takashi ; Haga, Katsuhiro ; Teshigawara, Makoto  ; Kinoshita, Hidetaka  ; Takada, Hiroshi  ; Futakawa, Masatoshi 

Mercury target vessel in the JSNS, which is made of 316L SS, is damaged owing to the pressure wave-induced cavitation resulting from the proton beam bombardment. The cavitation damage decreases the structural integrity of the target vessel and is currently a dominant factor to decide the service life in compared with the radiation damage. Injecting microbubbles into mercury is one of the prospective techniques to mitigate the pressure waves and cavitation damage. In the JSNS, a microbubble generator with a gas circulation system was installed and has been operated since October 2012. The effects of microbubble injection into mercury on pressure wave mitigation were studied using a laser Doppler vibrometer. The result showed that the vibrational velocity of the target vessel is clearly reduced according to the increase of void fraction. An average peak vibrational velocity under 340 kW operation with the void fraction of 0.1% was reduced to 1/4 of that without injecting microbubbles.

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Category:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

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