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渦中心軸方向流速の分布を有する渦モデルの開発と検証

Development of vortex model with realistic axial velocity distribution

伊藤 啓; 江連 俊樹; 大島 宏之

Ito, Kei; Ezure, Toshiki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

高速炉において、ガス巻込みや液中渦キャビテーションを生じる可能性のある渦流れの評価が重要である。本研究では、渦中心軸方向流速の分布を有する新しい渦モデルを提案する。検証計算として新たな渦モデルを用いて基礎実験の評価を行った結果、実験結果とよく一致する流速分布と気液界面形状が得られた。また、Burgers渦モデルを用いた評価に関しては、一様な軸方向流速の仮定を用いる場合は正しい評価結果が得られないが、渦中心近傍の実効的な軸方向流速を用いることで精度の良い評価結果が得られることを確認した。

A vortex is considered as one of significant phenomena which may cause gas entrainment (GE) and/or vortex cavitation in sodium-cooled fast reactors. In this study, a new vortex model with realistic axial velocity distribution is proposed. As the verification, the new vortex model is applied to the evaluation of a simple vortex experiment, and shows good agreements with the experimental data in terms of the circumferential velocity distribution and the free surface shape. In addition, it is confirmed that the Burgers vortex model fails to calculate accurate velocity distribution with the assumption of uniform axial velocity. However, the calculation accuracy of the Burgers vortex model can be enhanced close to that of the new vortex model in consideration of the effective axial velocity which is calculated as the average value only in the vicinity of the vortex center.

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