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Temperature dependence of spin fluctuations in underdoped La$$_{1.90}$$Sr$$_{0.10}$$CuO$$_4$$

Sato, Kentaro*; Matsuura, Masato*; Fujita, Masaki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi  ; Ji, S.*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Arai, Masatoshi; Enoki, Masanori*; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*

We studied the temperature dependence of spin excitation in the underdoped La$$_{1.90}$$Sr$$_{0.10}$$CuO$$_{4}$$ in a wide energy range. At low temperature, a clear magnetic signal emerging from incommensurate (IC) (0.5$$pm$$0.09, 0.5) positions was observed. The low-energy ($$sim$$10 meV) IC signal was confirmed at 200K, while the IC signal gradually merges upon warming and turns into a single commensurate peak centered at (0.5, 0.5) at 300 K. The overall spectral shape above $$sim$$60 meV measured at 5 K and 350 K was almost the same, meaning the weak thermal effect on the high-energy dispersion relation. This weak change in the high-energy dispersion is consistent with the localized spin picture, whereas the robust IC structure against the temperature would be difficult to explain within a simple stripe model.



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