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高温ガス炉の核特性解析手法と核設計に関する研究(学位論文)

Study on nuclear analysis method for high temperature gas-cooled reactor and its nuclear design (Thesis)

後藤 実

Goto, Minoru

HTTRの試験結果を用いて、以下の検討を行った。(1)核データライブラリの高温ガス炉の核特性解析に対する適用性、(2)改良した高温ガス炉核特性解析手法の適用性、(3)棒状可燃性毒物の高温ガス炉の反応度制御に対する有効性。これらの結果を用いて、2030年代の開発途上国等への導入を目指した熱出力50MWの小型高温ガス炉HTR50Sの核設計を行った。HTR50Sの核設計は、出力密度の向上および燃料濃縮度数の削減を、HTTRの核設計からの主な改良項目として検討を進めた。その結果、HTTRでは12種類あった燃料濃縮度を3種類に削減し、出力密度をHTTRの約1.4倍に向上した炉心を設計することができた。

The following issues were investigated using experimental data of HTTR, which is a Japan's HTGR with 30 MW thermal power. (1)Applicability of nuclear data libraries to nuclear analysis for HTGR, (2) Applicability of the improved nuclear analysis method for HTGR, (3) Effectiveness of a rod-type burnable poison on HTGR reactivity control. Using these investigation results, a nuclear design of a small-sized HTGR with 50 MW thermal power (HTR50S) was performed. In the nuclear design of HTR50S, we challenged to decrease the number of the fuel enrichments and to increase the power density compared with HTTR. As a result, the nuclear design was completed successfully by reducing the number of the fuel enrichment to only three from twelve of HTTR and increasing the power density by 1.4 times of HTTR.

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