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Report No.

Dipole tracer migration and diffusion tests in fractured sedimentary rock at Horonobe URL

Tanaka, Shingo*; Yokota, Hideharu; Ono, Hirokazu ; Nakayama, Masashi ; Fujita, Tomo ; Takiya, Hiroaki*; Watanabe, Naoko*; Kozaki, Tamotsu*

In-situ dipole tracer migration tests were conducted at the G.L.-250 m gallery of the Horonobe URL. Laboratory experiments were also conducted to determine the apparent diffusivity (${{it D$_{a}$}}$) and sorption coefficients (${{it K$_{d}$}}$) of cesium and water (HTO) in the rock taken at the gallery to evaluate the performance of Wakkanai formation as natural barrier. The breakthrough curves of non-sorbing tracer (Uranine) obtained at the in-situ dipole tracer migration tests were well described by a dual-channel model in which one-dimensional advection dispersion was taken in account. This suggests that the tracers migrate through at least two different pathways in the fracture. The breakthrough curves also indicated that the peak concentration of the sorbing tracer (cesium) was much smaller than that of the non-sorbing tracer (Uranine), suggesting that the Wakkanai Formation has a high sorptive and low diffusive properties for cesium. The ${{it D$_{a}$}}$ value obtained for cesium was about 3E-12 m$$^{2}$$/s, which is significantly smaller than that of water (3E-10 m$$^{2}$$/s), and the ${{it K$_{d}$}}$ value of cesium was determined to be about 5E-2 ml/g.



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