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Influence of piping layout upon the characteristics of flow separation and pressure fluctuation in the primary cold-leg of sodium cooled fast reactor

ナトリウム冷却高速炉の1次系コールドレグ配管におけるはく離及び圧力変動特性に及ぼす配管レイアウトの影響

水谷 淳*; 江原 真司*; 橋爪 秀利*; 山野 秀将  

Mizutani, Jun*; Ebara, Shinji*; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Yamano, Hidemasa

本研究では、はく離及び圧力変動特性に影響を与える入口流れの影響をJSFRコールドレグ配管の1/7縮尺モックアップを使って評価した。第3エルボの流入条件は既往研究と条件を変えており、2番目と3番目のエルボ間距離を6.4D(D:配管直径)から9.4Dに変化させた。可視化実験では、第3エルボ内側ではく離が見られており、6.4Dの場合よりはく離が大きくなった。これは第3エルボ入口での旋回流が弱まったからと考えられる。圧力変動の周波数解析によれば、はく離領域ではストローハル数(St)が0.4程度で圧力変動パワースペクトル密度(PSD)のピークがみられ、その振幅は6.4Dの場合に比べて半分程度であった。また、エルボ腹側の再付着点において、St=0.6のピークが見られ、その振幅は3倍程度だった。その結果から、旋回流が弱められたことによって、はく離領域が下流側に大きくなり、圧力変動の振幅が大きくなったことが明らかになった。

In this study, the influence of the inflow condition upon the flow separation and pressure fluctuation characteristic was evaluated by using a 1/7-scale mockup of the cold-leg piping of Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor. The inflow condition to the 3rd elbow was changed from previous studies by varying the distance between the 2nd and 3rd elbows from 6.4D to 9.4D, where D is the pipe diameter. The visualization experiment showed that the flow separation appeared in the intrados of the 3rd elbow as was the case with 6.4D and separated regions became larger than that in the case of 6.4D. This is because a swirling flow observed at the inlet of the 3rd elbow became weaker than that of the case of 6.4D. The frequency analysis of pressure fluctuations showed that gentle but apparent peaks in the power spectral density (PSD) distributions of pressure fluctuations were observed at about 0.4 of the Strouhal number around the separated regions, and this peak value was half of that in the case of 6.4D. In addition, prominent peaks in the PSD distributions were observed at about 0.6 of the Strouhal number in the downstream of the reattachment point in the intrados. The peak value was approximately 3 times larger than that in the case of 6.4D. The results revealed the weakened swirling flow made the separated region larger in the downstream and the pressure fluctuation magnitude stronger.

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