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Electromagnetic gyrokinetic simulation of turbulence in torus plasmas

トーラスプラズマ乱流の電磁的ジャイロ運動論シミュレーション

石澤 明宏*; 前山 伸也; 渡邉 智彦*; 洲鎌 英雄*; 中島 徳嘉*

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Maeyama, Shinya; Watanabe, Tomohiko*; Sugama, Hideo*; Nakajima, Noriyoshi*

Gyrokinetic simulations of electromagnetic turbulence in magnetically confined torus plasmas including tokamak and heliotron/stellarator are reviewed. Magnetic perturbations can influence some key mechanisms of turbulent transport. Linear analysis shows that the ion-temperature gradient instability is unstable in low beta plasma and its growth rate is reduced by magnetic field line bending, while the kinetic ballooning mode is destabilized at high beta. In addition, trapped electron modes, electron temperature gradient modes, and micro-tearing modes can be destabilized. These instabilities are classified into two categories: ballooning parity and tearing parity modes. These parities are mixed by nonlinear interactions. In the nonlinear evolution, the zonal flow shear acts to regulate the ITG driven turbulence at low-beta. On the other hand, at finite beta, interplay between the turbulence and zonal flows becomes complicated because the production of zonal flow is influenced by the finite beta effects.

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パーセンタイル:22.14

分野:Physics, Fluids & Plasmas

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