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Base to tip and long-distance transport of sodium in the root of common reed [${it Phragmites australis}$ (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.] at steady state under constant high-salt conditions

Fujimaki, Shu; Maruyama, Teppei*; Suzui, Nobuo; Kawachi, Naoki; Miwa, Eitaro*; Higuchi, Kyoko*

We analyzed the directions and rates of translocation of sodium ions (Na$$^{+}$$) within tissues of a salt-tolerant plant, common reed, and a salt-sensitive plant, rice, under constant high-salt conditions using radioactive $$^{22}$$Na tracer and a positron-emitting tracer imaging system (PETIS). First, the test plants were incubated in a nutrient solution containing 50 mM NaCl and a trace level of $$^{22}$$Na for 24 h (feeding step). Then the original solution was replaced with a fresh solution containing 50 mM NaCl but no $$^{22}$$Na, in which the test plants remained for over 48 h (chase step). Non-invasive visualization of $$^{22}$$Na movement in the test plants was conducted during feeding and chase steps with PETIS. Our results revealed that $$^{22}$$Na was absorbed in the roots of common reed, but not transported to the upper shoot beyond the shoot base. During the chase step, a basal-to-distal movement of $$^{22}$$Na was detected within the root tissue with a velocity of approximately 0.5 cm h$$^{-1}$$. On the other hand, $$^{22}$$Na that absorbed in the roots of rice was continuously translocated to the whole shoot. We concluded that the basal roots and the shoot base of common reed have constitutive functions of Na$$^{+}$$ exclusion only in the direction of root tips, even under constant high-salt conditions. This function may apparently contribute to the low Na$$^{+}$$ concentration in the upper shoot and high salt tolerance of common reed.

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Category:Plant Sciences

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