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Report No.

Distribution of the $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant using an unmanned helicopter radiation monitoring system

Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Yoshida, Mami; Sanada, Yukihisa  ; Torii, Tatsuo 

Large amounts of radioactive substances were released into the environment by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. Several research institutes have mapped the distribution of nuclides with long half-lives, such as $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs. Although the ratio of $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs has been believed to be equal without depending on the location of the contaminated area, several researchers report that it is different depending on places quite a little. We measured the energy spectrum of $$gamma$$ rays in high resolution within an approximately 3-km radius of the FDNPP by using an unmanned helicopter equipped with a LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) scintillation detector. Then, we analyzed the $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio in the area from these measured data in detail. The results show that the $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio is different between the plume trace extending north and the other plume traces. We have obtained valuable data for identification of which radioactive substances were released by individual reactor units.



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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology



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