Ion-species dependent bystander mutagenic effect on locus in normal human fibroblasts induced by C-, Ne- and Ar-ion microbeams
Suzuki, Masao*; Funayama, Tomoo; Yokota, Yuichiro; Muto, Yasuko*; Suzuki, Michiyo; Ikeda, Hiroko; Hattori, Yuya; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko
We have been studying the radiation-quality dependent bystander cellular effects, such as cell killing, mutation induction and chromosomal damage, using heavy-ion microbeams with different ion species. This year we focused on the ion-species dependent bystander mutagenic effect on locus in normal human fibroblasts. The confluent culture were irradiated using a 256 (1616)-cross-stripe method using C, Ne and Ar microbeam. Gene mutation on locus was detected with 6-thioguanine resistant clones. The mutation frequency in cells irradiated with C-ion microbeams was 6 times higher than that of non-irradiated control cells and of the sample treated with specific inhibitor of gap-junction cell-to-cell communication. On the other hand, no enhanced mutation frequencies were observed in cells irradiated with either Ne- or Ar-ion microbeams. There is clear evidence that the bystander mutagenic effect via gap-junction communication depends on radiation quality.